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The Genesis of the Lados Operation – 1940-1942 | seminarium



An examination of the background behind the Bern passport operation, looking at the wider context of Polish exile government policy as well as the possible precedents set elsewhere, including the Sugihara visas.

In addition the narrower origins will be sought in the relevant personalities involved, both within the Bern Embassy and without.


  • Roger Moorhouse (Master of Arts, Royal Historical Society - Królewskie Towarzystwo Historyczne)


  • Monika Maniewska (Dział Archiwum Instytutu Pileckiego)
  • dr Aleksandra Kmak-Pamirska

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