Janet, Peter Fraser - Instytut Pileckiego
In the autumn of 1944, the troopship USS General George M. Randall was moored at the coast of New Zealand, carrying 733 Polish children – mostly orphans – and their guardians. Their trail had led from Poland through Siberia and Iran. Prior to their arrival in the Wellington port, the children had been deported from their country by the Soviets, and had suffered through the loss of their families, hunger and alienation.
A year earlier, Janet Fraser had learned about the fate of the Polish children evacuated to Iran from Maria Wodzicka, the wife of a Polish consul. Moved by the story, Janet organized a large-scale information campaign across New Zealand, with the aim of supporting the Poles. She persuaded her husband, Peter Fraser, who at the time was the Prime Minister of New Zealand, to invite the children into the country. In December 1943, Peter Fraser wrote to consul Wodzicki, “the New Zealand Government would make all arrangements in connection with the establishment of the camp and would provide all necessary capital equipment […]. Responsibility for maintenance costs, such as food and clothing, would also be accepted by the New Zealand Government.”
The efforts made by the Frasers proved successful. Ryszard Gołębiewski, one of the rescued children, recalled his arrival in New Zealand: “we were greeted by a crowd. As we were being led to the train, someone put a piece of candy in my hand. It was delicious. That was my first taste of candy.”
The evacuees were placed in the Polish Children’s Camp in Pahiatua, which they quickly started calling paradise. Prime Minister Fraser frequently visited the camp and made sure it was held in proper condition. Janet headed a New Zealand citizens’ committee until her death caused by tuberculosis in March 1945. Supported by the locals, the committee organized material aid for young Poles, set up theater plays and games for both Polish and New Zealand children.
After the war, Peter Fraser declared willingness to finance the return of the Polish children to their homeland. He realized, however, that their future in communist Poland would be difficult. Most of the children remained in New Zealand, where they were able to continue their education and enroll at a university, thanks to scholarships funded by Fraser. Over the years, the “Polish Children of Pahiatua” have created a very active Polish community in New Zealand.
As the settlement kept developing, it turned out we would not have enough buildings for a school. When we asked the authorities, the school was built within a week. It appeared as if created by magic, which proves how effective and decisive was our fairy godfather, the kind Prime Minister Fraser.
- Abraham Silberschein (1881—1951)
Abraham Silberschein (1881—1951)
He was a member of the Ładoś Group, which issued illegal Latin American passports to European Jews. His role in the group was to provide lists and photographs of people who were to receive the passports.
- Ecaterina Olimpia Caradja (1893–1993)
Ecaterina Olimpia Caradja (1893–1993)
“Kurier Polski” published in Bucharest on 3 December 1939 was full of alarming headlines: “The Soviet attack on Finland”, “Executions and deportations.” One of them gave people hope: “Under the care of Princess Caragea. Home for mothers and chilldren.”
- Jenő Etter (1889–1973)
Jenő Etter (1889–1973)
The mayor of the Hungarian city of Esztergom received dozens of letters written in Polish. The greeting lines themselves showed the sympathy and gratefulness of the Polish refugees: “Dear Captain!”, “Dear Doctor!”. Jenő Etter understood them all.